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William Hutchison

Professor and Head

Ento-BillHutchison-WebOffice location:

Room 222 or Room 520 Hodson Hall

Mailing Address

219 Hodson Hall, 1980 Folwell Ave.
University of Minnesota
St. Paul, MN 55108

Phone: (612) 624-3278
FAX: (612) 625-5299



Ph.D. - Entomology, University of Wisconsin (1984)
M.S. - Entomology, Mississippi State University (1980)

Research Interests:

My research focus is a systems approach to Integrated Pest Management (IPM) that supports sustainable vegetable and fruit production in the upper Midwest. Both basic and applied research is conducted to implement IPM programs for a variety of crops, including: sweet corn, cabbage, snap bean, cucurbits, and wine grapes. Current areas of interest include long-term assessment of transgenic, Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), corn for European corn borer, corn earworm and western bean cutworm IPM; development and validation of practical pest sampling plans; integration of reduced-risk insecticides with native parasitic wasps for management of Lepidopteran pests; invasive species and IPM; and development of a risk-based framework for IPM.


Ento Corn Borer 3
European corn borer (D. Hanson, UofM)

Teaching/Extension Interests:

With my extension appointment, my primary teaching activity is focused toward growers, agricultural professionals, crop consultants, and vegetable processing company representatives. Our VegEdge site includes more information about the Vegetable IPM Program. I also participate in our graduate curricula by participating in the NSF-funded Graduate Program, Risk Analysis of Introduced Species and Genotypes.

International Interests:

I am active in several international activities, including the University of Minnesota’s Harvest Choice project. I serve as Co-Editor for Radcliffe's World IPM Textbook; with over 67 chapters (English, Spanish), this site is an interactive resource for teaching IPM worldwide. I have also participated in several international meetings regarding IPM challenges, and/or the use of GM Crops in various countries, including: Australia, Belgium, Columbia, Denmark, England, Germany, Ireland, Kenya, Mexico, South Africa, and Switzerland. For more information about international opportunities within our College, go to the CFANS International Programs office webpage.

Recent publications:

Books & Book Chapters:

E.B.Radcliffe, W.D. Hutchison, R. Cancelado (Eds.). 2009. Integrated Pest Management: Concepts, Tactics, Strategies and Case Studies. Cambridge Univ. Press, UK (450 pp.).
Available on kindle, hard cover or paperback.

 Fleischer, S.J., W.D. Hutchison & S.E. Naranjo. 2014. Sustainable Management of Insect-Resistant Crops, pp. 115-127. In: Ricroch, A., Chopra S., & Fleischer, S.J. (Eds.), Plant Biotechnology: Experience and Future Prospects, 291 pp. Springer. Link to Article

Refereed Journals: 

White, J.A., E.C. Burkness, and W.D. Hutchison. 2014. Biased sex ratios, mating frequency and Nosema prevalence in European corn borer, at low population densities. J. of Applied Entomol. 138(3):195.Ento-PDFicon-IMG

Morey A.C., R.C. Venette & W.D. Hutchison. 2013. Could natural selection change the geographic range limits of light brown apple moth (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae) in North America? In: D.J. Kriticos & R.C. Venette (Eds) Advancing risk assessment models to address climate change, economics and uncertainty. NeoBiota 18: 151–156. doi: 10.3897/neobiota.18.5288.

Hanson, A.A., S. Paula-Moraes, T.E. Hunt, and W.D. Hutchison. 2013. Supercooling point of western bean cutworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) collected in eastern Nebraska. Great Lakes Entomologist 46(3&4): (in press).

Shelton, A.M., D.L. Olmstead, E.C. Burkness, W.D. Hutchison, G. Dively, C. Welty and A.N. Sparks. 2013. Multi-state trials of Bt sweet corn varieties for control of the corn earworm, Helicoverpa zea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). J. Econ. Entomol. (in press).

Hein, G.L., Steffey, K.L., Hutchison, W.D., Rice, M.E., Pilcher, C.D. & T.E. Hunt. 2012. Reply: Letter to Editor (Bt corn and Western Bean Cutworm). J. Integ. Pest Mgmt. 3:3 A1-A2(2), ESA Open access.Ento-PDFicon-IMG

Burkness, EC. & W.D. Hutchison2012. Bt Pollen Dispersal and Bt Kernel Mosaics: Integrity of Non-Bt Refugia for Lepidopteran Resistance Management in Maize. J. Econ. Entomol. 105(5): 1773-1780.Ento-PDFicon-IMG

Bell, J.R., E.C. Burkness, A.E. Milne, D.W. Onstad, M. Abrahamson, K.L. Hamilton, and W.D. Hutchison.  2012.  Putting the brakes on a cycle: bottom-up effects damp cycle amplitude. Ecology Letters 15: 310-318. Ento-PDFicon-IMG

Kang, J., D.W. Onstad, R.L. Hellmich, S.E. Moser, W.D. Hutchison & J.R. Prasifka. 2012. European corn borer model for studying the effect of non-transgenic corn ears fertilized by pollen of corn expressing Cry toxin. Environ. Entomol. 41(1): 200-211. Ento-PDFicon-IMG

Morey, A.C., W.D. Hutchison, R.C. Venette & E.C. Burkness. 2012. Cold hardiness of corn earworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) pupae. Environ. Entomol. 41(1): 172-179. Ento-PDFicon-IMG

Burkness, E. C., P. K. O’Rourke, & W. D. Hutchison. 2011. Cross-pollination of nontransgenic corn ears with transgenic Bt corn: Efficacy against lepidopteran pests and implications for resistance management. Journal of Econ. Entomol. 104 (5): 1476. Ento-PDFicon-IMG

Hutchison, W. D., T. E. Hunt, G. L. Hein, K. L. Steffey, C. D. Pilcher, & M. E. Rice. 2011. Genetically engineered Bt corn and range expansion of the Western bean cutworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the United States: A response to Greenpeace Germany. J. Integ. Pest Mgmt. 2(3): B1-B8. Ento-PDFicon-IMG 

Paula-Moraes, S., E.C. Burkness, T.E. Hunt, R.J. Wright, G.L. Hein, and W.D. Hutchison. 2011. Cost-effective binomial sequential sampling of Western bean cutworm, Striacosta albicosta (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), egg masses in corn. J. of Econ. Entomol. 104 (6): 1900. Ento-PDFicon-IMG

Onstad, D.W, P.D. Mitchell, T.M. Hurley, J.G. Lundgren, R.P. Porter, C.H. Krupke, J.L. Spencer, C.D. DiFonzo, T.S. Baute, R.L. Hellmich, L.L. Buschman, W.D. Hutchison & J.F. Tooker. 2011. Seeds of change: corn seed mixtures for resistance management and IPM. J. Econ. Entomol. 104(2): 343-352.

Sloggett, J.J., A. Magro, F.J. Verheggen, J.L. Hemptinne, W.D. Hutchison, & E.W. Riddick. 2011. The chemical ecology of Harmonia axyridis. BioControl 56: 643-661.

Burkness, E.C., G. Dively, T. Patton, A.C. Morey & W.D. Hutchison. 2010. Novel Vip3A Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) maize approaches high-dose efficacy against Helicoverpa zea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) under field conditions: Implications for resistance management. GM Crops. 1(5): 337-343. Ento-PDFicon-IMG

Hutchison, W. D., E. C. Burkness, P. D. Mitchell, R. D. Moon, T. W. Leslie, S. J. Fleischer, M. Abrahamson, K. L. Hamilton, K. L. Steffey, M. E. Gray, R. L. Hellmich, L. V. Kaster, T. E. Hunt, R. J. Wright, K. Pecinovsky, T. L. Rabaey, B. R. Flood & E. S. Raun. 2010. Areawide suppression of European corn borer with Bt maize reaps savings to non-Bt maize growers. Science. 330: 222-225. Ento-PDFicon-IMG

Hutchison, W.D. & N. P. Storer. 2010. Expanded use of pyramided transgenic maize hybrids expressing novel Bacillus thuringiensis toxins in the southern U.S.: Potential for areawide suppression ofHelicoverpa zea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Mississippi Delta. Southwest. Entomol. 35(3): 403-408.

Molina-Ochoa, J. W.D. Hutchison, & C.A. Blanco. 2010. Current status of Helicoverpa zea and Heliothis virescens within a changing landscape in the southern United States and Mexico. Southwest. Entomol. 35(3): 347-354.

Lee, K. V. R.D. Moon, E.C. Burkness, W.D. Hutchison & M. Spivak. 2010. Practical standardized sampling plans for Varroa destructor (Acari: Varroidae) in Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae) colonies and apiaries. J. Econ. Entomol. 103(4): 1039-1050.

Venette, R.C., D.J. Kriticos, R.D. Magarey, F.H. Koch, R.H.A. Baker, S.P. Worner, N.N. Gomez Raboteaux, D.W. McKenney, E.J. Dobesberger, D. Yemshanov, P.J. De Barro, W.D. Hutchison, G. Fowler, T.M. Kalaris, & J. Pedlar. 2010. Pest risk maps for invasive alien species: a roadmap for improvement. BioScience. 60(5): 349-362.

Burkness, E.C. & W.D. Hutchison. 2009. Implementing reduced-risk IPM for fresh-market cabbage: Influence of parameter selection, and validation of binomial sequential sampling plans for the cabbage looper (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 102(5): 1874-1833.

Galvan, T.L., E.C. Burkness, R.L. Koch & W.D. Hutchison. 2009. Multicolored Asian lady beetle (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) activity and wine grape phenology: Implications for pest management. Environ. Entomol. 38(6): 1563-1574.

Jacobson, A., R. Foster, C. Krupke, W. Hutchison, B. Pittendrigh, and R. Weinzierl. 2009. Resistance to pyrethroid insecticides in Helicoverpa zea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Indiana and Illinois. J. Econ. Entomol. 102(6): 2289-2295.

Burkness, E.C., T.L. Galvan, & W.D. Hutchison. 2009. Optimizing Helicoverpa zea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) insecticidal efficacy in Minnesota sweet corn: A logistic regression to assess timing parameters. J. Econ. Entomol. 102(2): 677-684.

Galvan, T.L., R.L. Koch, & W.D. Hutchison. 2008. Potential implications of fruit feeding on overwintering survival of the multicolored Asian lady beetle, and the ability for these insects and paper wasps to injure wine grape berries. Entomol. Applic. 128: 429-436.

Burkness, E.C. and W.D. Hutchison. 2008. Implementing reduced-risk IPM in fresh-market cabbage: Improved net returns via scouting and timing of effective control. J. Econ. Entomol. 101: 461-471.

Galvan, T.L., S. Kells, and W.D. Hutchison. 2008. Determination of 3-Alkyl-2-methoxypyrazines in lady beetle-infested wine by solid-phase microextraction headspace sampling. J. Agric. and Food Sci. 56(3): 1065-1071.

Galvan, T.L., E. C. Burkness, Z. Vickers, P. Stenberg, A.K. Mansfield and W.D. Hutchison. 2007. Sensory-based action threshold for the multicolored Asian lady beetle-related taint in wine grapes. Am.J. Enol. Vitic. 58 (4):518-522.

Hutchison, W.D., E.C. Burkness, B. Jensen, B.R. Leonard, J. Temple, D.R. Cook, R.A. Weinzierl, R.E. Foster, T.L. Rabaey, and B.R. Flood. 2007. Evidence for decreasing Helicoverpa zea susceptibility to pyrethroid insecticides in the Midwestern U.S. Online. Plant Health Progress. doi:10.1094/PHP-2007-0719-02-RV.

De Villena, F., V.A. Fritz, J. Cohen, & W.D. Hutchison. 2007. Changes in gluconasturtiin content in Chinese cabbage with increasing cabbage looper density. HortScience. 42:1337-1340.

Galvan, T., E.C. Burkness & W.D. Hutchison. 2007. Enumerative and binomial sequential sampling for the multicolored Asian ladybeetle (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) in wine grapes. J. Econ. Entomol. 100:1000-1010.

Wold-Burkness, S.J., E.C. Burkness, P.C. Bolin and W.D. Hutchison. 2006. Early-season phenology and temporal dynamics of the common asparagus beetle, Crioceris asparagi (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), in southern Minnesota. The Great Lakes Entomol. 39:72-79.

Koch, R.L., R.C. Venette and W.D. Hutchison. 2006. Invasions by Harmonia axyridis (Pallas) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) in the western hemisphere: Implications for South America. Neotropical Entomology(Forum): 35(4): 421-434. 

Selected Extension Publications:

Ostlie, K.R., W.D. Hutchison & R.L. Hellmich (Eds). 1997. Bt Corn and European corn borer: long-term success through resistance management. NC-205 Regional Publication No. 602, University of Minnesota, St. Paul. (26 authors; 47,000 copies sold).

Hutchison, W.D., E.C. Burkness, M.A. Carrillo, T.L. Galvan, P.D. Mitchell, & T.M. Hurley. 2006. IPM: A Risk Management Framework to Improve Decision-making. Public. 08229. Univ. of Minn. Extension Service, St. Paul, MN.

Hutchison, W.D. E.C. Burkness, M.A. Carrillo, T.M. Hurley & G. Pahl. 2006. Fresh-market cabbage: Increasing economic returns while reducing risk. Public. 08230. Univ. of Minn. Extension Service, St. Paul, MN.

Mitchell, P.D., W.D. Hutchison, E.C. Burkness, R.L. Koch. 2006. Sweet corn for processing: Value and risk of IPM for European corn borer. Public. 08231. Univ. of Minnesota Extension Service, St. Paul, MN.

Galvan, T.L., E.C. Burkness & W.D. Hutchison. 2006. Wine grapes in the Midwest: Reducing the risk of the multicolored Asian lady beetle. Public. 08232. Univ. of Minnesota Extension Service, St. Paul, MN.

Egel, D. et al. 2010. “Midwest Vegetable Production Guide for Commercial Growers,” BU-7094-S.
Regional publication: (MN, IN, IL, IA, MO; IN), 167 pp. On-line:

Morey, A.C., W.D. Hutchison, E.C. Burkness. 2010. Corn Earworm-Sweet Corn. VegEdge Pest Profile, Minnesota Extension Service, On-line:

Harrington, R., Stevens, M., Mallott, M., Taylor, M., Hallsworth, P. and Hutchison, W. 2010. There’s more than one way to skin an aphid. British Sugar Beet Review. (in press). 

Book Chapters:

11. Hutchison, W.D., B. Flood & J. A. Wyman. 2004. Advances in United States Sweet Corn and Snap Bean Insect Pest Management, In A. R. Horowitz and I. Ishaaya (Eds.), Insect Pest Management, Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, Germany. 

12. Flood, B., R. Foster, W.D. Hutchison & S. Pataky. 2005. Sweet Corn (Ch. 2), pp. 39-63. In R. Foster and B.R. Flood [Eds.], “Vegetable Insect Management.” Meister Publishing Co., Willoughby, Ohio. 

13. Hutchison, W.D., G. Klacan, W. Cranshaw & B. Flood. 2005. Green Peas (Ch. 4), pp. 83-91.In R. Foster and B.R. Flood [Eds.], “Vegetable Insect Management.” Meister Publishing Co., Willoughby, Ohio. 

14. Hutchison, W.D., E. Grafius, & P.C. Bolin. 2005. Asparagus (Ch. 14), pp. 230-242. In R. Foster and B.R. Flood [Eds.], “Vegetable Insect Management.” Meister Publishing Co. 

15. Hutchison, W.D., R.L. Koch & S.J. Wold. 2007. Coccinellids in Alfalfa. In: Lamp, W.O., R. Berberet, L. Higley, and C. Baird (eds.).  Handbook of Forage and Rangeland Insects. Entomol. Soc. Am., Lanham, MD. 

16. Mitchell, P.D. and W.D. Hutchison. 2009. Economic Risk and Decision-making in IPM, In: E.B. Radcliffe, W.D. Hutchison, R. Cancelado (Eds.), IPM: Concepts, Tactics, Strategies and Case Studies. Cambridge Press, UK. 

17. Luttrell, R., C. Blanco, and W.D. Hutchison. 2011. Helicoverpa zea: North America, In: Ruberson et al. (Eds.), Heliothines in North America, (CABI), UK (in press).

Graduate Students Mentored: 

  • T. Cira, M.S., (current)
  • A. C. Morey*, Ph.D., (currrent)
  • A. Hanson*, M.S., (current)
  • A. Morey*, M.S., 2010
  • T. L. Galvin, Ph.D., 2008
  • K. Bennett, M.S., 2005
  • M. A. Carrillo, Ph.D., 2005
  • R. L. Koch*, Ph.D., 2005
  • P. O'Rourke, M.S., 2003
  • S. J. Wold, M.S., 2003
  • D. F. Warnock**, Ph.D., 1999
  • D. W. Bartels, Ph.D., 1998
  • P. C. Bolin, Ph.D., 1998
  • R. L. Hines, M.S., 1998
  • E. A. Flora,M.S., 1998
  • E. C. Burkness, M.S.,1996
  • P. C. Bolin, M.S.,1995
  • D. W. Bartels, M.S.,1994

*Co-advised with R. Venette **Co-advised with D. Davis